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The Glaucoma Research Foundation has increased the number of Spanish-language articles available on its website. The complete list of Spanish articles covering a wide scope of information about glaucoma can be found online at www.glaucoma.org/es.
Studies have shown that Hispanics and Latinos are at higher risk for glaucoma. Hispanics comprise 12 percent of the U.S. population and are the fastest growing ethnic minority in the country. It is projected that the number of Hispanics residing in the United States age 55 and older will reach 11.4 million in 2025. Hispanics over age 60 are at particularly high risk of glaucoma.
A study conducted by a group from the Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University, in residents over the age of 40 years residing in two counties of Southern Arizona indicated that open-angle glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness among Hispanics. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma, affecting over 2 million Americans. This study, named Proyecto Ver, also reported that only 38% of Hispanics with glaucoma were aware of their disease. Older age was found to be a very important risk factor for the development of glaucoma in this population of Hispanics.
The Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES), another large prevalence study funded by the National Eye Institute, reported an overall prevalence of open-angle glaucoma among Hispanics to be nearly 5 percent. The LALES, like Proyecto Ver, reported that Hispanics over age 60 are at particularly high risk of glaucoma. Approximately 75% of Hispanics with glaucoma in LALES were not aware that they had the disease.
Located in San Francisco, Glaucoma Research Foundation (GRF) is the nation’s most experienced foundation dedicated solely to glaucoma research and education. In addition to the Spanish-language glaucoma information on their website, GRF publishes a free Spanish-language booklet: “Comprendiendo y viviendo con glaucoma” available in print and an electronic PDF version. Request a Spanish-language glaucoma booklet or download a PDF.
Thanks to Kuldev Singh, MD, MPH for contributing statistical information to this article, and to Dra. Maria Delgado Morales for reviewing the Spanish translations for the website.
Last reviewed on October 12, 2020